The Big 6
The Big 6 is the most widely-used method for teaching information skills in K-12 schools. It consists of six steps for locating and using the information needed to solve a problem or perform a task.
1. Task Definition
Define the information problem and identify information needed in order to complete the task
2. Information Seeking
Determine the range of possible sources and evaluate the different possible sources to determine priorities
3. Location and Access
Locate sources and find information
4. Use of Information
Engage (read, hear, view, touch) the information in a source and extract what is relevant
Organize information from multiple sources and present it
Judge the product for effectiveness and the information problem-solving process for efficiency
For more information on the Big 6 method, consult the the Big 6 Web Site.
The Super 3
A modification of the Big 6 method called the Super 3 is used in the early elementary grades (K-3).The Super 3 (Plan-Do-Review) with Big 6 steps are:
Plan: What am I supposed to do?
(Task definition, Information Seeking, Location and Access)
Do: Hands on . . . do it!
(Use of information, Synthesis)
Review: How did I do?